People Innovation Excellence
 

Preliminary Analysis of C and H in a “Sangiran” fossil Using Laser-Induced Plasma at Reduced Pressure

Maria Margaretha Suliyanti, Sar Sardy, Anung Kusnowo, Marincan Pardede, Rinda Hedwig, Koo Hendrik Kurniawan, Tjung Jie Lie, Davy Putra Kurniawan, Kiichiro Kagawa

This paper appears in:  Journal of Applied Physics 98

Issue Date :  14 November 2005
On page(s): 093307-1 – 093307-8

 

Abstract

A Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm, 120 mJ, and 8 ns) was focused on various types of fossil samples, including fossilized buffalo horns (around 400,000 and 1 X 106 years old, respectively) found in Sangiran, Indonesia. Such fossils represent an important starting point for tracing man’s origin and evolution during the Pleistocene era. Carbon emission was found in a horn fossil dated at 1 X 106 years. Some molecular band spectra were also found in all the fossils examined in this study. It was assumed that by combining information on carbon emission, hydrogen emission, and molecular band spectra that the degree of fossilization might be quantitatively calculated. Further results showed that silicon emission is not detected in old fossils, but it is present as a major constituent. This is probably due to the fact that silicon is strongly bound to other elements in old fossils and is ablated in the form of clusters. In order to prove the above hypothesis, a thin film of an old fossil was deposited on a silver plate substrate by means of a laser ablation technique. The resulting film was then irradiated and atomic emission lines of silicon were clearly detected. A comparative study of the low-pressure plasma introduced in this study was conducted using the well-known laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy technique and the results confirmed that operating conditions at atmospheric pressure are unfavorable for as fossil analysis.

 


Published at : Updated
Leave Your Footprint

    Periksa Browser Anda

    Check Your Browser

    Situs ini tidak lagi mendukung penggunaan browser dengan teknologi tertinggal.

    Apabila Anda melihat pesan ini, berarti Anda masih menggunakan browser Internet Explorer seri 8 / 7 / 6 / ...

    Sebagai informasi, browser yang anda gunakan ini tidaklah aman dan tidak dapat menampilkan teknologi CSS terakhir yang dapat membuat sebuah situs tampil lebih baik. Bahkan Microsoft sebagai pembuatnya, telah merekomendasikan agar menggunakan browser yang lebih modern.

    Untuk tampilan yang lebih baik, gunakan salah satu browser berikut. Download dan Install, seluruhnya gratis untuk digunakan.

    We're Moving Forward.

    This Site Is No Longer Supporting Out-of Date Browser.

    If you are viewing this message, it means that you are currently using Internet Explorer 8 / 7 / 6 / below to access this site. FYI, it is unsafe and unable to render the latest CSS improvements. Even Microsoft, its creator, wants you to install more modern browser.

    Best viewed with one of these browser instead. It is totally free.

    1. Google Chrome
    2. Mozilla Firefox
    3. Opera
    4. Internet Explorer 9
    Close